Mercury Amalgam Tooth Filling Safety

My apologies, the AMA is very persistent doing everything they can to stop the message from getting out hence the external links change quite frequently.

"The maximum amount of mercury that the Environment Protection Agency allows people to be exposed to is 5,000 times smaller than the permissible amount of lead exposure; in other words the EPA apparently considers mercury to be 5,000 times more toxic than lead."---- Marcia Basciano DDS at annual meeting of IAOMT San Diego 1994.

Remember this when searching documents from the AMA and the ADA.  They are political organizations.  Political organizations usually get their start for a good purpose but like the Department of Veterans of the Revolutionary War, they usually out live their usefulness.  The AMA's may have a purpose but their bureaucracy has grown until they are like working in a flower pot with a D9 Cat and about as adroit.

Link:: Check the and the gag rule they have on the dentists to NOT talk about the dangers of mercury amalgam fillings.. Ever since dentists first started installing amalgams in patients' teeth there has been an issue as to whether mercury is released and causes health (pathophysiologic) problems. Then in 1984 a group of conscientious dentists formed the International Academy of Oral Medicine and Toxicology (IAOMT).  One of their objectives was to scientifically explore the safety of amalgam restorations. Since 1984, members of the IAOMT have inspired many renowned medical scientists at universities around the world to research possible pathophysiologic effects associated with mercury leaking from amalgam restorations. Consequently, there are a growing number of scientific studies that document pathophysiologic effects associated with amalgam mercury.

Now, that being said; I presented much of this information to my dentist whom I consider to be very good and he declared the whole matter to be a bunch of garbage and countered by saying none of the information pointed to any conclusive studies and more importantly they have been using silver (he always said 'silver' fillings as opposed to mercury amalgam) for 150 years. He said he would send me information supporting his side. So that is where it stands, there is information both ways. I think I will hold my final decision until I can find out something definitive one way or the other.

My dentist sent me some info on 'amalgam' fillings.  I will enclose part here that you can make up your own mind.

Dental Amalgam in the Spotlight

Dentist testify to congress on science and safety issues.

By Craig Palmer

Washington--- The government across the board is planning to set up review in the near term of the science and regulatory bases for dental amalgam, the most studied and longest used restorative for decayed and damaged teeth.

Congress, government health, regulatory and research agencies, the public and the dental profession are engaged in a dialog that is about to expand.  Congresses' interest alone gives an indication of the increased attention accorded a restorative placed in billion of teeth over the last 150 years.  The House Government reform Committee Nov. 14 convened what is believed to be the first congressional hearing focused primarily on mercury in dental amalgams.

"Not only is dental amalgam safe, it remains a valuable restorative option for dentists and their patients because it is so effective," the American Dental Association testified at the hearing.  Dr. J. Rodway Mackert, professor of oral rehabilitation at the Medical College of Georgia School of Dentistry, represented the ADA and Dr. Gregory Stoute, president of the National Dental Association, testified for the NDA.

The full text might be available on the WEB, I suggest checking the ADA site.  There was a much more convincing article included from the Columbia University that supported amalgam safety that I'm sure you will find at the same place.

I suspect that someday it will be found the truth lies between these extremes.

Mercury Free and Healthy "the first wealth is health"

Ralph Waldo Emerson "Diseases are crises of purification, of toxic elimination."

Hypocrites, 500 BC

The Dental Amalgam Issue "a terrible sin against humanity" Dr. Alfred Stock, 1926

Prepared September 2002 (first prepared February 1997) by DAMS Inc. along with Consumers for Dental Choice A Project of the National Institute for Science, Law and Public Policy 1424 16th Street, NW Suite 105 Washington, D.C. 20036

Ever since dentists first started installing amalgams in patients' teeth there has been an issue as to whether the dose of mercury is released from them and causes
health (pathophysiologic) problems. This web page presents information pertaining to the dental amalgam issue. Subjects presented in the contents list are linked to subsequent portions of the web page.  


Ever since dentists first started installing amalgams in patients' teeth there has been an issue as to whether mercury is released and causes health (pathophysiologic) problems. Then in 1984 a group of conscientious dentists formed the International Academy of Oral Medicine and Toxicology (IAOMT).  One of their objectives was to scientifically explore the safety of amalgam restorations. Since 1984, members of the IAOMT have inspired many renowned medical scientists at universities around the world to research possible pathophysiologic effects associated with mercury leaking from amalgam restorations.  Consequently, there are a growing number of scientific studies that document pathophysiologic effects associated with amalgam mercury.

Fundamental Health Flaws

A "silver filling" is a euphemism for an amalgam restoration, which a dentist places in a patient's tooth after a cavity is created by drilling out decay. Amalgam restorations consist of mercury, silver, tin, copper, and a trace amount of zinc. The dental amalgam has two fundamental flaws that adversely effect a patient's health. The first fundamental flaw is that all amalgam metals are cations. The net result of the tendency for covalent, ionic and metallic bonding and van der Waals forces between amalgam cations is a weak repulsion. So there is a sustained release of mercury and other metals from the amalgam into the body. Researchers have measured a daily release of mercury on the order of 10 micro grams from the amalgam into the body. Mercury is a toxic metal; the most minute amount damages cells.

The second fundamental flaw is that there are five dissimilar metals in the amalgam. Galvanic action between these metals in inevitable (the dissimilar metals form a battery). Galvanism produces electricity that flows through the body. The electric currents produced by the amalgam typically are between 0.1 and 10 micro amps, compared to the body's natural electric current of 3 micro amps.

The mercury challenges systemic functions of every individual and of developing fetuses, so it can lead to health problems and fetal malformations. Mercury leakage and its subsequent pathophysiologic effects are most often slow, insidious processes. So health problems caused by dental mercury poisoning are perceived many years after the amalgams are placed.

Maine Dentists Required to Inform Patients About Amalgam Dangers

Maine Governor Angus King today signed the most advanced bill in the United States requiring dentists to inform their patients that amalgam dental fillings contain a large percentage of the toxic element mercury, which can be harmful to the wearer's health.

In his preliminary remarks before signing the bill, Gov. King noted that Maine has probably taken more action to get mercury out of the air and water than any other state in the union. "And yet we all carry it around in our mouths," he remarked.

Senate President Michael Michaud spearheaded the bill and Representatives Joanne Twomey and Steven Stanley, all of whom were present, spoke at the signing. Consumer advocates Pam Anderson and Dr. Tom Anderson, a mercury-free dentist from Houlton, ME, who led grassroots support for the bill, participated in the ceremony as well.

Maine Senate President Michaud cited the courage of the many individuals who testified on behalf of the bill, especially the dentists who came forward to endorse it despite the opposition of the American Dental Association. "We hope that the U.S. will take Maine's lead and move forward with legislation at the national level," he said.

The bill mandates that every dentist's office will feature a poster and a brochure informing patients about the presence of mercury in amalgam fillings and about its negative health effects.

Scientific research has shown that dental amalgam is the chief source of mercury in the human body.  For that reason Rep. Twomey described the bill as a major step forward for women of child bearing age and for children, who receive their first exposure to mercury in the womb and from their mother's breast milk.

Mercury has been implicated in neurological disorders of children such as autism and ADD/ADHD, and in fertility problems in women.

"We are delighted that this bill has been signed," said Rep. Stanley. "It is a major step forward to protect the health of Maine citizens."

Pam Anderson added that the group hopes Maine's next step would be to ban the use of dental amalgam in all women of childbearing age and in children.

"The public is being deceived by the terminology used for these fillings," said Charles Brown in his remarks. "The ADA calls them "silver" fillings, but they are really mercury fillings. If people knew the principal ingredient is mercury they would not want these fillings in their teeth."

Gov. King compared the current use of mercury in dental fillings with the 1950's use in shoe stores of powerful x-ray machines called fluoroscopes, which exposed hundreds of thousands of adults and children to high doses of toxic x-rays.

"Every child who went into the shoe store to buy new shoes would put his feet into the fluoroscope so the bones could be seen," King recalled. "People who worked in the store were exposed to the radiation all day; children played games around the machine.

Now we realize it was a terrible thing to do, but then it seemed perfectly normal.

No More Mercury Dental Fillings!
Welcome World!

INTRO TO BAN MERCURY IN TEETH EVER WHERE PETITION:  Silver “Mercury” dental fillings are 50% Mercury, and release mercury vapor every time you chew, brush, or grind your teeth.  Between breathes, the mercury vapor levels reach 50,000 ppm and higher within your mouth.  The levels drop off 10 minutes after chewing, brushing, or grinding.  This level is higher than the safety limit for a factory or other workplace.  (Source:  60 Minutes, CBS Television)   You inhale and exhale this mercury vapor [which is absorbed by the lungs, transferred to the blood, and goes into major organs including the brain] regularly for the lifetime that the fillings are in your teeth.  What you are not told is that doctors who diagnose mercury vapor poisoning in factory workers are warned to "regularly monitor worker mercury levels (in urine tests)” because workers were being diagnosed as hypochondriacs.  Some workers had little or no mercury in their urine but were showing classic symptoms of mercury poisoning [depression, anxiety, weakened immune system, tremors, insomnia, and dozens of other ailments] (Source:  Alberta Government Occupational Mercury Guidelines)

So doctors are now told that mercury poisoning for factory workers must be monitored in Groups, as individuals show widely varying reactions to mercury vapor.  That is why we are asking you to sign the Ban Mercury in Teeth Everywhere Petition.  Groups of people with mercury dental fillings are significantly less healthy than groups without (Source Siblerud et al, University of Colorado), and persons who remove their mercury fillings recover from a host of ailments (Source:  60 Minutes, CBS Television).  Dentists dismiss this as “anecdotal” evidence [Individual Recoveries are meaningless], but medical doctors on the other hand are warned that Individual Diagnosis of mercury poisoning in factory workers is meaningless.  Both cannot be correct, the fact is Group Poisoning and Recoveries are the Medical Method of determining mercury poisoning, and the American Dental Association (ADA) and Worldwide Dental Associations (WDA’s) are afraid you will find this out.  They say they care about your health, but what they really care about is getting sued.  For 150 years they have deliberately avoided looking at Groups of people with and without amalgam fillings, and deliberately ignored recoveries from having fillings removed, and claimed that “theirs” is the scientific position.  If the ADA and WDA’s are scientific, then workers in factories must be diagnosed individually for mercury poisoning, and hypochondria allowed as a common diagnosis….

From the June 2002 Idaho Observer: Mercury Amalgams: Do you still have a mouth full of them? by Ingri Cassel

After two of my dear friends were plagued with health problems that were only minimized by natural healing programs, it was discovered that they were both suffering from acute systemic mercury poisoning and the main source of this insidious poison was in their mouth.

Both of these women have a mouthful of aging mercury amalgams. It has been shown that mercury is continually released from mercury dental fillings in the form of mercury vapor and abraded particles.

This process is further stimulated and can be increased as much as 15-fold by simply chewing, brushing teeth, hot drinks and even swishing your mouth with a solution of hydrogen peroxide (used to reduce dental plaque.)

>What we have been lead to believe are “silver” dental amalgams actually contain 48-55 percent mercury, 33-35 percent silver and various amounts of copper, tin, zinc and other metals. For decades the American Dental Association has steadfastly maintained that the mercury in dental amalgams is bound to the other metals in such a way that the mercury could not possibly escape.

However the ADA's assumption was proven wrong in 1985 when two researchers demonstrated that the air inside a mercury amalgam filled mouth continually contained elemental mercury vapor, and the dynamic of chewing increased this vapor level substantially.

Mercury is extremely poisonous, accumulating over time in the various tissues of the body, particularly the brain and kidneys. Published research from two scientists at Utah State University shows that mercury is more toxic than lead, cadmium and even arsenic. Even world regulatory agencies such as the World Health Organization (WHO) have stated that the smallest amount of mercury that will not cause damage is unknown.

In fact, the WHO recently concluded that the daily intake of mercury from amalgam dental fillings exceeded the combined daily intake of mercury derived from air, water and food (including fish).

In human autopsy studies it has been found that there is a direct correlation between the amount of mercury found in the brain and the number and surfaces of mercury fillings in the mouth. Recent scientific research has shown high levels of mercury in the brains of Alzheimer's disease victims. Furthermore, laboratory studies of spinal fluid from both Lou Gehrig's disease and Alzheimer's disease patients have confirmed the presence of high levels of mercury that inhibit key brain detoxification systems.

Despite these findings, the American Dental Association and various agencies in the U.S. government still support the use of mercury amalgam dental fillings. They claim that they are safe based on 150 years of use and that there is no scientific proof showing mercury exposure from dental fillings causes any known disease.

There are higher concentrations of mercury in the autopsied brains of patients who died of Alzheimer’s than are present in the autopsied brains of patients who did not have Alzheimer’s.



Drs. Markesbery’s and Ehmann’s experiments have shown there are higher concentrations of mercury in the autopsied brains of patients who died of Alzheimer’s than are present in the autopsied brains of patients who did not have Alzheimer’s.

"You wouldn't take a leaky thermometer, put it in your mouth, and leave it there 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Yet that's exactly what happens when an amalgam filling is installed in your mouth. "----Dr Michael Ziff.

Still not convinced?

You can find lots of pro and negative information if you want to look for it.
I would stick to independent study groups like Universities for more accurate data.

Anti-Amalgam Links:

Scientific information from Affinity Labeling Technologies, Inc. Lots of links to research abstracts. Introduce your patients to this site.

Mercury Free and Healthy, The Dental Amalgam Issue. – Prepared December 1998 by DAMS Inc. along with Consumers for Dental Choice. A Project of the National Institute for Science, Law and Public Policy, 1424 16th Street, NW Suite 105, Washington, D.C. 20036

International Academy of Oral Medicine and Toxicology:

Holistic Dental Association Holistic/Alternative Dentistry

Forty scientific abstracts (conducted in 1995) can be found at

A comparison of mental health of multiple sclerosis patients with silver/mercury dental fillings and those with fillings removed. Authors: Siblerud R. Source: Psychol Rep. 1992 Jun; 70(3 Pt 2): 1139-51

The Preventive Dental Health Association An excellent source of information about the hazards of mercury and fluoride. One section carefully refutes pro-amalgam statements made by the ADA.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome? or Chronic Mercury Poisoning? An excellent account of one individual recovery from CFS after the removal of 'silver' fillings. Also includes tons of referenced information on this subject. (this site is quickly becoming THE most complete site for amalgam information. I highly recommend it.)

Reversing Alzheimer's Disease - Tom Warren - Common Complaints Mercury poisoning and toxic chemicals cause Alzheimer’s sufferers many common medical and mental problems.
Following is a listing of several conditions routinely seen in these patients:

Swedish Association of Dental Mercury Patients:

Dentistry and the environment (internal and external):

ASOMAT - Amalgam – Bibliography – 286 references to scientific studies on Amalgam

Dental Mercury Awareness:

Works of Dr. Edward C. Rosenow:

Mercury Study Report to Congress:

Chronic Illness and Chronic Mercury Exposure from Amalgams and the Environment

Mercury Toxicity

Maintained by the Environmental and Preventive Health Center of Atlanta

Material Data Safety Sheets:


Mercury Toxicity and the Use of DMPS Chelation. by John C. Cline, M.D., B.Sc.,C.C.F.P. Medical Director -- Oceanside Medical Clinic. History of Dental..

Report on the 50-State Petition:

Environmental Working Group – Protecting by Degrees.

Covers amalgam removal protocols and detoxification

IAOMT Amalgam Removal Protocol:

Clifford Materials Reactivity Testing:

Peak Energy Performance (materials reactivity Testing)

Alternative Medicine Digest

Alternative Medicine Digest: Interactive Index

Search using the keyword 'amalgam'.

Alternative Medicine Digest: Publisher's Statement .../digest/issue05/i05-a01.shtml

Mercury, leaking from your amalgam fillings, wreaks havoc with the nervous system, immune response, and with normal antioxidant functions-more deadly than arsenic!

Alternative Medicine Digest: Poisons From Your Mouth .../digest/issue05/i05-a02.shtml

Alternative Medicine Digest: More About Your Mouth .../digest/issue05/i05-a03.shtml

Mercury Dental 'Silver' Fillings: The Debate Over Risk, Need For Replacement, and Detoxification A review of studies on mercury toxicity and dental amalgam concludes that the animal and human experiments to date, demonstrate that the uptake, tissue distribution and excretion of amalgam mercury is significant and that dental amalgam is the major contributing source to the mercury body burden in humans.

Living on Earth - Mercury Amalgam Debate:

Dental Danger - by Tony Copple, In the last few years, evidence has come to light of the dangers of significant toxicity that most people have in their own mouths as a result of dental work with mercury amalgam.

Common questions/answers regarding mercury amalgams - Questions and Answers concerning the Dental Materials in your mouth and your health! Are the "Silver" fillings in your teeth REALLY silver?

Mercury-free dentistry - We are a Private practice. We concentrate on pain-free and Mercury/Metal free dentistry for the whole family. We provide orthodontic care for the young and old, avoiding extractions whenever possible.

Effects of Mercury Poisoning in Humans:

Body Detoxification Program:

Aries homepage:

Amalgam page, mercury fillings symptoms toxicity diseases - Amalgam and diseases, poisoning and prevention of incurable diseases and symptoms:

Amalgam-Related Illness Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 11 WHERE CAN I GET MORE INFORMATION? ***11.1 OFFICIAL REVIEW / TOXICOLOGY HANDBOOK. The WHO report from 1991.

NICO AND APS - Two Rare Diseases Which May Have a Significant Impact o... - Undiagnosed Pain in the Mandible - possible NICO, osteonecrosis and coagulation disorder.

Amalgam-Related Illness FAQ, Section 10 More INFO - This page describes some ways of obtaining more information about the Amalgam-Related Illness question, this page is part  of the Amalgam-Related Illness FAQ

Medline Search the world's largest biomedical database. Free access to unrestricted Medline searches via Health Gate at:

If this service does not last: Part of Medline are accessible free of charge at:


Univ. of Washington study of safety of mercury amalgams in children:

UK Amalgam Page: Lots of links and information.

Mercury amalgam safety: rethinking dangerous decisions. Article by Dr. Zoltan P. Rona MD MSc

Dental fillings, root filings, amalgam and health risk - Fluoride Adverse Health Effects , fluoride toxic-health risk

The Dentistry Page

An excellent source of fully referenced information about mercury-amalgam fillings.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry - ToxFAQs – Mercury

SUMMARY: Exposure to mercury occurs from breathing contaminated air, ingesting contaminated water and food, and having dental and medical treatments. Mercury, at high levels, may damage the brain, kidneys, and developing fetus. This chemical has been found in at least 667 of 1,416 National Priorities List sites identified by the Environmental Protection Agency.

Mercury in Twothousand;

Jon Pensyl, DDS Silver/Mercury Dental Filling Advisory

More facts about the dangers of mercury-amalgam fillings. Amalgam-Related Illness, Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) An excellent site maintained by Leif Hedegard.

150 Years of Amalgam Roulette:

Hal Huggins, DDS, official site for information:

Bo Walhjalt's Mercury Page At this site you will find texts, links, abstracts related to mercury and amalgam as environmental and health issues, and the facts, prejudices, thoughts, ideas, that may be contained in them.

Is Mercury Toxicity an Auto immune Disorder?

Dental amalgam - 150 years of Russian roulette.

Health Canada Position Statement on Dental Amalgam.

Scientific Facts on the Biological Effects of Mercury Amalgam Implants

The Chemical Manipulation of the Human Population

Amalgam / Mercury Dental Filling Toxicity

The Mercury Controversy.

The Brompton Dental Clinic. A Mercury and Metal Free Dental Practice

Research on Immune System Effects of removing amalgam:

Dental amalgam Removal:

Mercury Handling:

Mercury in Saliva Study:

Extracts from the AMALGAM mailing list

Are Teeth the Root of Most Disease?

The Health Effects of Mercury

Managing Hazardous Waste Generated by Dental Clinics

Health Notes: Mercury Amalgam Fillings

Adverse reactions from dental materials

Books on the Potential Health Effects of Dental Amalgam and Mercury

Dr. Alan R. Gaby, October Review and Commentary Read the "Mothers' amalgam-mercury accumulates in fetus" section.

Mercury Amalgam ... A Hazardous Material

Soaring Bears Dentistry Page Tons of links.

The Directory of Helping Services in Southern Arizona Support group for people who feel they have been poisoned by dental toxins; referral source for information on organizations, publications and companies involved in the mercury-free movement; promotion of public education and scientific research; goal is universal access to mercury-free dentistry.

Can Mercury In Dental Fillings Make You Sick?!_backs/Apr_95/dental_mercury.html

Scientific Facts on the Biological Effects of Mercury Amalgams

CTC Medical AB & AMA guard - Amalgam info

What's New About the Mercury Controversy?

Karolinska Institute - Institute of Environmental Medicine Division of Metals & Health

Why Some Dentists Do Not Use Any Mercury 'Silver' Filling Material


Dr. Javier Morales D.D.S. and Staff We will not put anything in your mouth that will harm your body.

Heavy Metals: Airborne Lead and Mercury Vapor


A Scientific Response to the American Dental Association's Special Report and Statement of Confidence in Dental Amalgam.


News waves: Amalgam opponents cry foul

The issue: Safety of mercury tooth fillings. What's new: Health Canada's safety review suffers a blow to its credibility. What's next: New federal health policy still expected by the summer The Safety of Dental Amalgam: Health Canada States Position

German scientists say amalgam reduces fertility

The Health Effects of Dental Amalgam in Children An out-of-date report of a now ongoing National Institute of Dental Research project

The Practice of Don H. Lowrance, MS, DDS - Holistic Dentistry Another in the growing list of mercury-free dentists.

Arthur F. Adams, D.D.S. Home Page Another mercury-free dentist

Mercury Information about and whole list of references to papers about mercury.

Scientifically Proven Facts About Mercury & Dental Amalgam

Leading Edge Scientific Abstracts on Mercury Amalgam Bio-Toxicity

Mercury Poisoning from Dental Amalgam Get on the Amalgam mailing list.

Tim Stout’s Multiple Sclerosis page

Mercury Maze

Rethinking Amalgam

Effects of Amalgam Fillings on the Immune System

Michael Royal’s Amalgam Page

Ronald Parks MD

Is Amalgam Safe? Another text to examine.

Biological Effects of Mercury from Amalgams

Hg pollution from Dental Practice wastewater

Good article on toxins - including Amalgam/Mercury.

Access n Able - Australian Health site

Shirley’s personal struggle with Alzheimer’s, discussion of a possible Amalgam-Mercury link?

Dental Injury hotline & info.

Holistic Dentistry:

Condensed from an article by Thomas Levy, M.D., of Colorado Spring, Colorado (Extraordinary Science, April-June 1994).

Hulda Clark, Ph.D., N.D., talks with Frank Jerome, D.D.S. about cleaning up your dentalware

Dr. Shankland’s web page on Amalgam, TMJ, Cavitations, Root Canals, etc.

Dental Debates: currently at

Moving soon to:

Dental Disease Prevention and Resources (lots of links)

 Jon Pensyl, DDS Silver/Mercury Dental Filling Advisory Service

Link between ALS, Amalgam & diet.

Prostate Health Resources:

Karen Snyder's story

Mark Anderson’s article

Mercury toxicity advice from a Dentist

Mercury-free Dental Practice in Brompton England:

Massive Medical database search engine

World Health Organization

Online Dental Injury Community and Search Engine

 DMPS Backfire:

1.6 Million Kids Risk Mercury Poisoning:

Pollution Prevention Great Lakes:

Root Canal Links:

Root Canal Cover-Up Are your teeth killing you?

Root Canals


Cancer: Dental risk: dental metal, root filling! Heart attack - Cancer: 100% of all root canals result in residual infection due to the imperfect seal that allows bacteria to penetrate. The toxins given off by these bacteria are more toxic than mercury.

Root Canal and Biocompatible Dentistry:

Root Canals – Hal Huggins, DDS:

Anaerobic bacteraemia and fungaemia of patients receiving endodontic treatment

Melanie Yarbrough’s story of health recovery after root canal extraction:

 For an opposing view, visit the following site:

Failure of Root Canal Treatment by Dr. John Jeppson - Failure to seal one of these portals of exit can lead to the further leaking of decomposed nerve tissue and bacteria into the bone causing the abscess to continue to form.

For information on Stabident treatment see

Cavitation Links:

Affinity Labeling Technologies, Inc., article on cavitations by Karen and Steve Evans, with links to diagnosing and treatments

Cavitation Case Report

NICO Ultrasonic Imaging

Clinical Features of NICO

Peak Energy Performance:

Trigeminal Neuralgia and Atypical Facial Neuralgia

ALT, Inc. solving problems dentistry, medicine and science:

Journal of Advancement in Medicine - Winter 1996 Abstracts - Abstracts of Articles TITLE: Routine Dental Extractions Routinely Produce Cavitations Thomas E. Levy, MD, FACC, and Hal A. Huggins, DDS, MS ABSTRACT: Cavitations (Cvs) are persistent holes found at the extraction sites of permanent teeth after apparent healing has taken place.


International Society for Fluoride Research

CadVision of Canada

Fluoride: Protected Pollutant or Panacea? Are the claimed benefits of ingesting fluoride over-rated and the risks to our health and eco-system under-reported?

Fluoride Issues

Dental Fluorosis:

IAOMT Risk Assessment for ingested fluoride

Zero Waste America

The Preventive Dental Health Association's


Stop Fluoridation USA


The "Missing Link" in the Origin of Trigeminal Neuralgia: A New Theory and Case Report:


 Pro-Amalgam links:

Check these sites first to find out what the 'official' pro-amalgam position is.

The American Dental Association (ADA).

ADA - Dental Amalgam Topics.

A defense of mercury amalgams by The UMDS Dental School and Hospital:.

Dental mercury - harmless or hazardous?

Mercury in Dental Amalgam, is it a Public Concern?

Possible Health Effects and Dental Amalgam-A scientific review from an expert group to the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare

Internet Dentistry Resources

Dentist Directory - All About Silver Fillings.


The Dentistry Homepage

Properties of amalgam as a filling material:

Towne International, Inc. Makers of ADA approved dental amalgam.

Ivoclar Vivadent Another manufacturer of dental amalgam. No mention of mercury whatsoever.

R. Von Hanks, DDS

Silmet Ltd. a state-of-the-art manufacturer of amalgam alloys, all certified by the American Dental Association.

Your Guide to Dentistry:

Numerous links:

Ivoclar Vivadent Another manufacturer of dental amalgam. No mention of mercury whatsoever.

R. Von Hanks, DDS

Silmet Ltd. a state-of-the-art manufacturer of amalgam alloys, all certified by the American Dental Association.

Your Guide to Dentistry:

Numerous links: