Definitions

Al-Qaeda - alternatively spelled al-Qaida and sometimes al-Qa'ida, is an international Sunni Islamist extremist group founded in 1988. Al-Qaeda's objectives include the end of foreign influence in Muslim countries and the creation of a new Islamic caliphate. Reported beliefs include that a Christian-Jewish alliance is conspiring to destroy Islam,  and that the killing of bystanders and civilians is Islamically justified in jihad.

Caliphate - is the Islamic form of government representing the political unity and leadership of the Muslim world. The head of state's position (Caliph) is based on the notion of a successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad's political authority.

Da'wa - is the act of inviting non-Muslims to accept the truth of Islam.  Da'wa involves both words and actions and is frequently practiced in public schools in America and Western communities.

Dhimmi - "protected person", is a person who is a non-Muslim in a Muslim dominated society. Dhimmi is the subordinate legal status given to the kafir to "protect" him. Why is protection needed? Because Muslims are called upon to kill infidels as the general rule. The creation of the Dhimmi status was a way to offer protection to the infidel in exchange for fees or taxes, and a reduced level of cultural benefits or freedoms, like voting. If you are an infidel, it is a good idea to be a Dhimmi in a Muslim culture. Without being a Dhimmi you would be in violation of the rules, and the "other" option would be on the table, so to speak. 2. refers to specific individuals living in Muslim lands, who were granted special status and safety in Islamic law in return for paying the capital tax.

Dhimmitude: the Islamic system of governing populations conquered by jihad wars, encompassing all of the demographic, ethnic, and religious aspects of the political system.

Hadith - are oral traditions relating to the words and deeds of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

Hammas - Sheikh Ahmed Yasin founded Hammas in 1987 as the political arm of the Muslim brotherhood initially in Palestine for the fight against  Israel but it has spread and is now worldwide.

Hamas was created in 1987 by Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi and Mohammad Taha of the Palestinian wing of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood at the beginning of the First Intifada, an uprising against Israeli rule in the Palestinian Territories. Hamas launched numerous suicide bombings against Israel, the first of them in April, 1993.  Hamas ceased the attacks in 2005 and renounced them in April 2006.   Hamas also has been responsible for anti-Israel rocket attacks, IED attacks, and shootings, but reduced most of those operations in 2005 and 2006.   Rocket attacks against Israel have continued, although such attacks (whether by Hamas or by other paramilitaries is uncertain) greatly diminished during a 5-month long cease fire that ended in late 2008.

Hezbollah - (literally "party of God") is a Shi'a Islamic political and paramilitary organization based in Lebanon. Hezbollah first emerged as a militia in response to the Israeli invasion of Lebanon, also known as Operation Peace for Galilee, in 1982, set on resisting the Israeli occupation of Lebanon during the Lebanese civil war.  Its leaders were inspired by Ayatollah Khomeini, and its forces were trained and organized by a contingent of Iranian Revolutionary Guards.

ISLAM - The literal translation for the word Islam in Arabic is 'submission.'  The word istislam means 'to surrender after a fight.'  The Koran says those who do not submit (yastaslimoun) to Islam should be killed.

ISLAMOPHOBIA - A MYTH: It's a "made-up" word by a terror' linked Muslim Brotherhood front group (like CAIR) to stifle any and all criticism of Islam.

Jihad - The true and most common meaning of "jihad" as explained by an ex-Muslim
"Jihad" is only one of many terms in Arabic used in Islamic scriptures to advocate violence against unbelievers...negating the concept that Islam could ever be a "religion of peace."
http://wp.me/p276zM-1xLB

Kaffir - The disbeliever, the atheists, who remain deaf and stubbern to Islam, the rational message of the quarn, They are described in the quarn as "people of no intellegence". Because they are incapable of intelluctal effort it requires to shake off those blind prejudices about the existant of god. Quarn describes the atheists as "cattle", as cattle of those who grow the crops and do not stop and wonder about this world. Mehdi Hasan, Presenter of Al Jazeera, Former political editior of New Statesman, Former political editor of the Huffington Post. and the 'politicly correct' definition': 1790, "infidel," earlier and also caffre (1670s), from Arabic kafir "unbeliever, infidel, impious wretch," with a literal sense of "one who does not admit (the blessings of God). Technically, "a non-Muslim," but in Ottoman times it came to be used there almost exclusively as the disparaging word for "Christian."
Sharia Law for Non-Muslims Chapter 5-The Kafir
The word "non-Muslim" is used in the translation of Sharia law, but the actual Arabic word used is "Kafir". But the word Kafir means far more than non-Muslim. The original meaning of the word was "concealer", one who conceals the truth of Islam.
The Koran says that the Kafir may be deceived, plotted against, hated, enslaved, mocked, tortured and worse. The word is usually translated as "unbeliever" but this translation is wrong. The word "unbeliever" is logically and emotionally neutral, whereas, Kafir is the most abusive, prejudiced and hateful word in any language.

Madrassas - is an Islamic religious school. Many of the Taliban were educated in Saudi-financed madrassas in Pakistan that teach Wahhabism, the most radical form of Islam.

Ramadan - Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and the rigid observance of thirty days of fasting during the daylight hours, has pagan roots developed in India and the Middle East. The observance of fasting to honor the moon and ending the fast when the moon's crescent appears, was practiced with rituals of the Eastern worshipers of the moon. Both Ibn al-Nadim and the Shahrastaini tell us about al-Jandrikinieh, an Indian sect which began to fast when the moon disappeared and ended the fast with a great feast when the crescent reappeared.
http://religionresearchinstitute.org/ramadan/roots.htm

Sura - Chapter(s) of the Koran

Tabari - A collection of Koran verses and Hadith quotes.

Taqiyya - is the Islamic practice of concealing or disguising one's belief, convictions, ideas, feelings, opinions and/or strategies at a time of eminent dangers, whether now or later in time, to save oneself from physical and/or mental injury.  Taqiyya is also used as justification for lies and deceit to advance the cause of Islam.

"What is a Dhimmi? A Kafir?"
These terms have related meanings. Kafir is the broader term. Dhimmi is the legally invoked status of a Kafir.

Dr. Tony Costa, Canadian professor of world religions at the University of Toronto, explains that there is no such thing as "moderate Islam." There are, he says, "moderate Muslims," but the religion itself cannot consist of different beliefs and still remain Islamic.

A list of terrorists organizations: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terrorist_organization
jihadist training